PH fails in 5 WB governance standards

MANILA — The Aquino administration, which turned two years-old on Saturday, is facing the herculean task of improving governance because the Philippines failed in five of six World Governance Indicators (WGIs) set by the World Bank.

Based on the Facts and Figures released by the Congressional Policy and Budget Research Development in June 2012, the Philippines’ percentile scores in five out of six indicators dropped big time since 1996, the year that the bank developed the WGIs.

The indicators are voice and accountability, political stability and absence of violence or terrorism, government effectiveness, regulatory quality, rule of law and control of corruption. Of the six, the Philippines only managed to score more than 50 percent in government effectiveness at 51.7 percent in 2010.

Government effectiveness refers to the perception of quality of public services, civil service and the degree of independence from political pressures as well as policy formulation and implementation and the credibility of the government’s commitment to such policies.

The 51.7 percent is a slight increase from the 50.2 percent score in 1996 — the only improvement that the country achieved for the last 167 years.

The Philippines’ scores in other indicators miserably went down.

The country scored the lowest in political stability and absence of terrorism—6.6 percent in 2010 from 30.8 in 1996. Brunei got 92.9 percent, Singapore, 89.6 percent, Malaysia, 51.9 percent and Vietnam, 51.4 percent.

Political stability and absence of terrorism is defined as the perception of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically motivated violence and terrorism.

Since 1996, the Philippines has ousted a President (Joseph Estrada in 2001). Moreover, unsuccessful rebellions transpired during the administration of Gloria Arroyo.

Likewise, Manila also scored a paltry 22.5 percent for control of corruption or the perception of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as capture of the state by elites and private interests. The country’s score in 1996 was 50.7 percent.

In the rule of law category, the country’s score went down to 34.6 percent from the 52.6 percent it received in 1996.

Meanwhile, the score for the regulatory quality — the perception on the viability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development—also dropped to 44 percent from the 59.8 percent in 1996.

In this indicator, the country also lags behind Singapore (98.6 percent), Brunei (82.3 percent), Malaysia (71.3 percent) and Thailand (56.5 percent).

For voice and accountability, the Philippines registered a 46.9 percent score, still lower compared with the 1996 figure of 56.7.

The scores for WGIs are obtained from 31 different data sources, capturing governance perceptions as reported by survey respondents, non-governmental organization, commercial business information providers and public sector organizations worldwide.

Leave a Reply